WILMON NEWELL

Wilmon Newell

Honoree for Pioneer Lecture for 1998
March 4, 1878 to October 25, 1943


Dr. Wilmon Newell was born at Hull, Iowa, March 4, 1878. He spent the early years of his life in Iowa. He received his B.S. degree from Iowa State College in 1897, his M.S. degree in 1898, and his honorary Sc.D. in 1920. Clemson College also conferred the Sc.D. degree on Dr. Newell. Dr. Newell was assistant in Entomology at the Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station from 1897 to 1899. He held the same position at the Ohio Agricultural Experiment Station from 1899 to 1902. From 1902 to 1903, he was Associate Entomologist and Apiarist at the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. From 1903 to 1904, he was State Entomologist of Georgia. From 1904 to 1910, he was Entomologist of the State Crop Pest Committee of Louisiana. In 1910, he returned to Texas as Entomologist of the Experiment Station and State Entomologist, a position which he held until 1915, when he came to Florida as Plant Commissioner of the State Plant Board. The State Plant Board was created with the Florida Legislature's approval of the Plant Act 30 May 1915. The Plant Act was adopted primarily for the eradication of citrus
canker, which was eradicated in the early 1930,s. In addition to being Plant Commissioner, in 1921, he became Dean of the College of Agriculture and Director of the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station and the Agricultural Extension Division. In 1938, he was appointed Provost of the College of Agriculture at the University of Florida.

He had a taxonomic interest in ants and collected extensively for the Argentine ant in the gulfcoast area, particularly in Louisiana. His ant collection is in the Florida State Collection of Arthropods, Division of Plant Industry, Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services in Gainesville. (The State Plant Board became the Division of Plant Industry in 1960 which is one of 10 divisions in the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services).

Dr. Newell pioneered in the research for the boll weevil control in Louisiana, had a deep interest in apiary work in Texas and other states, but was best known for his activities in pest control and eradication of plant pests. He directed the first Mediterranean fruit fly eradication program in the world in Florida in 1929 and 1930, the citrus canker was eradicated in Florida in the early 1930's, and the citrus blackfly was eradicated in Florida in 1935.

During his long career he published technical papers on apiculture, cotton insects, scale insects, quarantine programs and procedures, and insect eradication. Some of his finest research was on the control methods for the cotton boll weevil,, the Argentine ant, and the eradication of American foul brood in honey bees. Dr. Newell's tremendous zest for work and executive ability were responsible for the number of administrative positions he held and in great part accountable for the prominence of the Florida Agricultural Experiment Station in the 1920's through the 1940's.

Those who were privileged to know him intimately were struck by his
qualities of human warmth, and a cleanness of spirit which resulted in a response of affection. He had a deep interest in the development of young scientific workers and served as their invaluable adviser. It was reported that he often helped the poor families around College Station, Texas, which was only later revealed.

He gave his very life to his work and his only regret as he faced the end of his journey was, in his own words, "that I shall not be permitted to do the many other things that I had planned f or Florida agriculture and for my associates."

Dr. Newell attained many honors. He was a member of the advisory council of the Southern Forestry Experiment Station of the Southern Forestry Service; member and president in 1920 of the American Association of Economic Entomologists; charter member of the Cotton States Branch of the Association; member and president in 1929 of the Association of Southern Agricultural Workers; University of Florida representative of the Institute for Research in Tropical America; member of the Soil Science Society; administrator of Florida State Soil Conservation; chairman of the Florida Land-Use Planning Committee; and chairman of the Advisory committee on Agriculture of the Florida Defense Council since 1941. He was also a Mason and a Shriner; a member of Kappa Sigma social fraternity; and member of the honorary fraternities of Alpha Zeta, Phi Kappa Phi, and Gamma Sigma Delta. The students in the
Department of Entomology in the College of Agriculture held him in such high esteem that they named their professional society the Newell Entomological Society in his honor. Subsequent to his death the Florida State Board of Control and The State Board of Education, at the direction of Governor Spessard L. Holland, dedicated the rebuilt Agricultural Experiment Station Building on the University Campus as a memorial in his honor. Henceforth, it will be known as Newell Hall.

In the passing of Dr. Newell, the science of entomology lost one of its most eminent members and southern agriculture one of its great leaders.


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